What is sexual assault?
Sexual assault is a broad term that refers to any unwanted, non-consensual sexual act. Legally, a sexual act is non-consensual if it is inflicted upon a person unable to grant consent or if it is unwanted and compelled through the use of physical force, manipulation, coercion, threats, or intimidation. An unwanted sexual act can include groping, fondling, attempted rape, sodomy, and rape.
In Oregon, rape is a legal term referring to vaginal penetration by penis when force is used or when a person is unable to consent because of age or incapacitation. Sodomy is a legal term referring to contact between the genital of a person and the mouth of anus of another in situations where force is used, or when a person is unable to consent because of age or incapacitation.
What can you do if you have been raped or sexually assaulted?
You can call 911 to report an assault.
You can go to the hospital and undergo a sexual assault examination.
During this exam, a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) will collect forensic evidence, and along with a Rape Victim Advocate (RVA), will give resources and other information. You should bring something to wear home from the hospital, including shoes, because your clothes will most likely be kept as evidence.
You do not have to report the assault. Even if you undergo a sexual assault exam, you have the option to keep all information strictly confidential. Law enforcement will not be notified without your consent.